Spot welding is one of the oldest welding processes. It is used in a wide range of industries but notably for the assembly of sheet steel vehicle bodies. This is a type of resistance welding where the spot welds are made at regular intervals on overlapping sheets of metal.
Spot welding is primarily used for joining parts that are normally up to 3 mm in thickness. Thickness of the parts to be welded should be equal or the ratio of thickness should be less than 3:1.
The strength of the joint depends on the number and size of the welds. Spot-weld diameters range from 3 mm to 12.5 mm.
Steel has a higher electrical resistivity and lower thermal conductivity than the copper electrodes, making welding relatively easy.
Low carbon steel is most suitable for spot welding. Higher carbon content or alloy steel tend to form hard welds that are brittle and could crack. Aluminium has an electrical resistivity and thermal conductivity that is closer to that of copper.
However, aluminium’s melting point is much lower than that of copper, making welding possible. Higher levels of current must be used for welding aluminium because of its low resistivity.
Galvanized steel (i.e. steel coated with zinc to prevent corrosion) requires a different welding approach than uncoated steel. The zinc coating must first be melted off before the steel is joined. Zinc has a low melting point, so a pulse of current before welding will accomplish this.
During the weld, the zinc can combine with the steel and lower its resistivity. Therefore, higher levels of current are required to weld galvanized steel.
WE GUARANTEE EXCELLENT SERVICES WITH MINIMAL LEAD TIME
FINE LASER CUTTING SERVICES
UNIT 6/19, Vernon St, Papakura North, Auckland 2110, New Zealand